In 2016, Colombia reached a historical peace agreement, Guatemala marked the 20th anniversary for its peace agreement, while the peace process in Myanmar stagnated. What can we learn about women’s role in these three processes? Research has shown that sustainable peace is only possible if there is inclusive peace-making involving women. However, 16 years after the UN resolution 1325 on women, peace and security was adopted, little has been achieved in this aspect.
The peace agreement in Colombia is a rare exception, where women had their say. In Guatemala it took 30 years before military officers were found guilty of sexualised violence and slavery, when given an internationally unprecedented sentence last year. In Myanmar, women are excluded from the negotiations and have to use tea breaks to lobby.
Norway has or had peace engagement in all these three countries. What can international actors and donors do to give women access, and a voice? What can Myanmar learn from Colombia and Guatemala?
May Sabe Phyu, Director of Gender Equality Network Myanmar
Mariel Aguilar-Støen, Guatemala expert and Associate Professor at the University of Oslo
Hilde Salvesen, part of the Norwegian facilitation team to the peace process in Colombia, with responsibility for resolution 1325
Andrea Ramirez Stangeland, Peace in Colombia.
Moderator: Marianne Gulli, FOKUS